36 DMV Questions of Special Driving Conditions

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# 1. Hydroplaning is usually caused by:

A. Excessive stops
B. Sudden stops
C. Sudden turns
D. Excessive speed
# 2. When attempting to stop on a slippery road, the best action to take is to

A. Apply the brakes quickly and firmly.
B. Apply the brakes in slow, steady strokes.
C. Shift to a lower gear, do not use the brakes.
D. Shift into neutral, do not use the brakes.

Explanation : To avoid skids on snow and ice, brake early, carefully and gently. `Squeeze` your brakes in slow, steady strokes. Allow the wheels to keep rolling. If they begin to lock up, ease off the brake pedal.

# 3. If you are driving on an icy or slippery road and have to stop:

A. Apply brakes gently.
B. Apply brakes in a normal manner.
C. Keep foot off brake and let compression stop you.
D. Press brakes firmly.
# 4. When you drive through a construction zone, you should:

A. Slow down to watch the workers.
B. Decrease your following distance.
C. Pass the construction zone carefully and not rubberneck.
# 5. Hydroplaning can be helped by driving:

A. Through shallow water
B. Faster
C. Slower
D. Through deep water
# 6. When your right wheels run onto a soft shoulder what is the best way to get back on the highway

A. Apply the brakes firmly and steer gently to the left.
B. Ease your foot off the gas and brake gently.
C. Steer hard to the left and then gently to the right.
D. Apply the brakes firmly and stop completely.

Explanation : If your wheels drift off the pavement onto the road shoulder, do not yank the steering wheel back. Ease your foot off the gas pedal, and brake gently. When it has slowed down, check for traffic behind you, then steer gently back onto the pavement.

# 7. When you drive in heavy fog during daylight hours you should drive with your

A. Headlights off.
B. Parking lights on.
C. Headlights on low beam.
D. Headlights on high beam.

Explanation : High headlight beams reflect off rain, fog and falling snow. This makes it even harder for you to see where you are going. For better visibility during these weather conditions, keep your vehicle`s headlights on low beam.

# 8. Your car starts to skid on a slippery road. You should

A. Brake quickly and keep the wheel straight.
B. Lock your brakes until you come to a full stop.
C. Steer in the direction you want the front wheels to go.
D. Steer toward the side of the road to get off the wet pavement.

Explanation : Turn the steering wheel in the direction you want the front wheels to go. If your rear wheels are sliding left, steer left. If they`re sliding right, steer right.

# 9. Expressways have expressway entrance lanes (acceleration lanes) so that drivers can

A. Test their brakes before driving at expressway speeds.
B. Stop at the end to wait for a traffic opening.
C. Reach the proper speed before blending with traffic.
D. Test the pickup of their cars.

Explanation : Unless there is a STOP or YIELD sign or traffic light on the entrance ramp, use the ramp to accelerate to expressway speed and blend with traffic. Signal, then look over your shoulder for approaching traffic already on the expressway.

# 10. Always stop before you cross railroad tracks when:

A. You do not have room on the other side to completely cross the tracks.
B. The railroad crossing is located in a city or town that has frequent train traffic.
C. You transport two or more young children in a passenger vehicle.
# 11. Anything that requires you to _______ could cause you to crash.

A. Take your eyes off the road
B. Take your hands off the wheel
C. Take your attention away from the driving task
D. All of the above
# 12. When driving in fog, you should use your:

A. Fog lights only.
B. High beams.
C. Low beams.
# 13. Roads freeze more quickly when they are:

A. Flat
B. Curvy
C. In the sun
D. Shaded
# 14. If a tire blows out, the proper thing to do is

A. Speed up to gain traction and then pull to the right.
B. Hold the steering wheel firmly, and ease up on the gas.
C. Apply the brakes, then shift into neutral.
D. Shift into neutral, then apply the brakes.

Explanation : If a tire blows out, hold the steering wheel firmly, and ease your foot off the gas pedal. If your vehicle skids, handle it as you would on ice or snow. Do not use your brake until your vehicle is under control.

# 15. When driving at night, be sure that you can stop:

A. Within 5-10 seconds.
B. Within the distance you can see ahead.
C. Within the distance lighted by your parking lights.

Explanation : Make sure you can stop within the distance you can see ahead (the distance lighted by your headlights). This is called driving within the range of your headlights.

# 16. Distracted drivers are at a greater risk of a crash when they are using which of the following:

A. CD player
B. Radio
C. Cell phone
D. All of the above
# 17. Why is driving on an expressway different from driving on an ordinary street

A. You must think faster and handle your vehicle more effectively.
B. Trucks have to go slower on the expressways.
C. There is more of a tendency to exceed the speed limit.
D. There is more of a tendency to tailgate.

Explanation : Expressway driving usually combines high speeds with heavy traffic, and you must be alert. The higher speed and traffic volume require you to think faster and handle your vehicle more efficiently than in most other driving situations.

# 18. When driving in fog, you should use your ______.

A. Low beam headlights
B. High beam headlights
C. Parking lights
D. Hazard flashers
# 19. Animals may be transported in the back of a pickup truck only if:

A. The sides of the truck bed are at least 18 inches high
B. They are properly secured
C. The tailgate of the truck is closed
D. All of the above

Explanation : Do not transport animals in the back of a pickup or other truck unless the animal is properly secured.

# 20. You are getting on a highway which has a very short entrance lane. The safest way for you to enter the flow of traffic would be to

A. Use as much ramp as possible to get up to cruising speed.
B. Use the left lane of the highway to get up to cruising speed.
C. Wait for a large gap in traffic then speed up quickly.
D. Get up to cruising speed gradually so other cars will see you.

Explanation : If the entrance lane is too short to allow acceleration to expressway speed, the safest way to enter is to stop and wait for a large gap in traffic. Then enter the expressway and accelerate quickly.

# 21. When driving at night on a dimly lit street, you should:

A. Drive slowly enough so you can stop within the area lighted by your headlights.
B. Turn on your high beam headlights to better see the vehicles ahead of you.
C. Keep the instrument panel lights bright to be more visible to other drivers.
# 22. When you drive at night you can reduce the problem of glare from the headlights of an approaching car by

A. Looking to the lower right side of your lane.
B. Having the inside lights on to make the amount of light equal.
C. Looking at the spot on the lower edge of the steering wheel.
D. Wearing glasses with lightly tinted lenses.

Explanation : To help avoid the glare of approaching high beams, shift your eyes to the right. Use the road edge as a guide until the approaching vehicle passes by.

# 23. When driving at night, it is most important for you to

A. Use your high beams at all times.
B. Drive within the range of your headlights.
C. Be ready to brake more quickly.
D. Watch for cars at intersections.

Explanation : Your headlights cover about 350 feet ahead. It is important that you drive at a speed that allows you to react and stop safely within that distance. This is called "driving within the range" of your headlights.

# 24. You have just left an expressway and are starting to drive on an ordinary highway. You should

A. Check your tires for correct pressure.
B. Check your speedometer to keep at the lower speed limit.
C. Stay twice as far behind other cars.
D. Change gradually to the lower speed limit.

Explanation : After you leave an expressway, look for speed limit signs and check your speedometer to be sure you`re driving within the posted limit. You are probably no longer on a 55 mph (88 km/h) road.

# 25. Roads become very slippery:

A. When it has been raining for an hour or more
B. The day after it rains
C. For the first 10 to 15 minutes of a rain storm
D. Right after the rain has stopped
# 26. Roads are slippery after it first starts to rain. When the road is slippery you should:

A. Avoid making fast turns and fast stops.
B. Test your tires’ traction while going uphill.
C. Decrease the distance you look ahead of your vehicle.
# 27. Which of the following statements applies to all driving emergency situations

A. Always slow down gradually.
B. Your first reaction is the best reaction.
C. Think before you act.
D. Apply your brakes immediately.

Explanation : The single most important rule in any emergency is do not panic. You have a better chance of handling the emergency safely if you do not let fear take over. In most emergencies, you will have a second or two to think before you act.

# 28. When approaching a stopped school bus with its red lights flashing and its stop arm extended, you must:

A. Stop 5 feet away from the bus
B. Stop only if you see children are present
C. Stop and remain stopped until it appears safe to proceed
D. Stop and remain stopped until the red lights stop flashing and the stop arm has been withdrawn
# 29. When you get ready to leave an expressway, you should begin to use your turn signal

A. Just as you get to the exit ramp.
B. 50 feet before the exit ramp.
C. 100 feet before the exit ramp.
D. When you see cars behind you in the exit lane.

Explanation : To avoid a last-minute lane change, check destination and exit signs, and get into the proper lane for your exit well ahead of time. Be sure to signal your exit at least 100 feet (30 m) before you reach the exit ramp.

# 30. Night driving is dangerous because

A. Some traffic signs are less visible at night.
B. More vehicles are on the road at night.
C. The distance we can see ahead is reduced.
D. Street lights tend to blur our vision.

Explanation : Night driving is more dangerous because the distance you can see ahead or to the side is reduced. You should drive slower than you would in daylight, especially in unfamiliar areas or on narrow, winding roads.

# 31. Roadways are the most slippery:

A. During a heavy downpour.
B. After it has been raining for awhile.
C. The first rain after a dry spell.
# 32. If your brake pedal suddenly sinks to the floor, you should first

A. Try to pump it to build up the pressure.
B. Shift into neutral and shut the engine off.
C. Try to raise it by hooking your toe under it.
D. Apply the parking brake hard to stop the car.

Explanation : If your brake pedal suddenly sinks to the floor, try pumping it to build up pressure. If that does not help, use your emergency or parking brake - but use it gently. Shifting to a lower gear will also help your vehicle slow down.

# 33. It is a very windy day. You are driving and a dust storm blows across the freeway reducing your visibility. You should drive slower and turn on your:

A. Interior lights
B. Parking lights
C. Headlights.
# 34. If you drive past your exit on an expressway, you should

A. Pull onto the shoulder, then back up to the exit.
B. Drive to the next exit and leave the expressway.
C. Make a u-turn at the nearest emergency turn area.
D. Make a u-turn at the next service area.

Explanation : If you miss an exit, never back up to get back on the expressway. Get off at the next exit, and look for signs that tell you how to get back on the expressway going the other way.

# 35. Compared to driving during the day, driving at night is:

A. Less dangerous
B. No more of less dangerous
C. More dangerous
D. Easier on your eyes
# 36. When you are in a line of traffic that is crossing a railroad track that has no signals or gates:

A. You have the right of way and do not need to check for trains
B. You may pass slower drivers crossing the track
C. You need to make sure there is space to get all the way across the tracks without stopping, before you start to cross
D. All of the above